Sometimes the simple things turn out to be the most complex and so it is with cornbread. If you’re from the south you more than likely have numerous relatives who will repeat their cornbread recipe to you like it’s the Nicene Creed. I had one grandmother who was cracked on the subject of white flour in cornbread. As in, it didn’t belong and the people who used it were, and I quote, “No better than Yankees.”
Well. That’s clear enough then. The problem with the complete white flour proscription is the excessive grit factor. William Makepeace Thackeray put it best when he described his first (and probably last) experience with cornbread as akin to “biting into a pin cushion.” Apparently this occurred on a trip to New Orleans back in the 1850s, a trip that elicited fulgent praise for all local foods save this one.
My other grandmother’s recipe was similar to the first’s but for the fact that she took one small step down the slippery slope to cornbread hell by adding a meager tablespoon of flour to the mix. This was better but still a little gravely for my taste.
So I experimented and after endless pans of cornbread came up with this rejiggering of ingredients that includes one quarter cup flour. One third cup is too much, but a quarter smooths things out while leaving the cornbread acceptably coarse textured. It has no sugar – that really would be a bridge too far, and tastes nothing like those awful “corn muffins” they sell in New York diners.
As for the other ingredients you want full fat buttermilk which Borden now sells as “Bulgarian” but whatever they’re calling it it’s thick like the old version they used to sell. If you can’t get it buy plain yogurt and thin it very slightly. It should be just pourable. And as for the corn meal it should be exactly that, meal, not flour, and the cornmeal should be medium or fine grind.
This cornbread is delicious plain but as you can see the version here has been doctored up somewhat by the addition of a cup of corn and a couple of tablespoons of minced onion and bell pepper respectively. The black specks are ground smoked ancho chilis which if you don’t have them you can substitute cayenne to taste. You can go to about a cup and a third of fixins and it will still fit in the nine inch skillet. Just don’t forget to get that skillet smoking hot before you pour in the batter.
And if you pour it into hot chicken or duck fat you’ll feel like Tracy Morgan who said he loved his cornbread so much he wanted to take it out behind a middle school and get it pregnant. Uh huh. You know it. That’s this cornbread.
- ¾ cup stone ground cornmeal (medium or fine grind)
- ¼ cup all purpose flour
- ½ teaspoon soda
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1 large egg
- 1 cup buttermilk (you can substitute slightly thinned sour cream or plain whole milk yogurt)
- Preheat oven to 400. Thoroughly grease (with oil, lard or bacon grease) a 9” cast iron skillet, or heavy baking pan and put in the oven to preheat. Preheating the pan is optional but it creates a crisper bottom, if you like that.
- Mix all dry ingredients and make a well in the middle.
- Whisk together the egg and buttermilk, pour into the well & mix.
- Sprinkle a little paprika on top.
- Bake for about 25 minutes or until brown
Another way to make it is Texas style with kernels from an ear of corn, a couple of tablespoons each of diced onion, hatch chilis and bell pepper.